History of the brand Electrolux
In 1984 in Bitola, Electrolux company was founded in electrical service for domestic products and installation of electrical systems for industry and households and production of electric heaters and heaters and household and called KLIMALUX, Electrolux, Frinko, WMF.
The founder of Electrolux is Dimche Palenzo born 1964. and his family. During the development of the company during the Egzistiranjoto team spent quite persons who have contributed and are important people who are mentioned in the history of Electrolux.
In 1990 Electrolux Bitola company began production of heaters Klimaluks - then one of the most important products in the company Electrolux.
Since 1990. d begin production of rubber products for Idustrijata the Macedonian market in this period he worked as a travel agent for the sale of rubber and electrical equipment.
Since 1992. Begin production of electric heaters, which covered 70% of the market in Macedonia
Strolling through the cities and states, Dimche Palenzo seen in store and analyze the industry's needs of society in Macedonia, which at that time was a novelty and technical progress and trade. Dimche Palenzo come to the conclusion that such a miracle is necessary for all the house and sell it, you can simply show the client. Dimche Palenzo contacted representatives of his company Electrolux and offered their services, but the answer was obtained, as the company is pleased with the work of negoviote agent. After a while, Dimche Palenzo decided to begin production and trade of electrical goods and technical rubber products. There is at this time the company began to manufacture products and to serve the economy.
In Bitola Eelektroluks pretsedateleli met with producers from other countries and became an advocate for the whole world that relationship drigi Firms sell large quantities of electrical products. The number is very large, and the head of the company he and his associates. Dimche Palenzo fulfill its promise, and a year later became general agent and Kanthal Kentavros.
From the Electrolux ELECTROLUX
After a while, Dimche Palenzo in 1992. proposes to use proizvodit heating company Electrolux to reduce the weight of the heater and automation. Once in 1992. Because Straegija for presenting Sostvenite Products and for presenting the international markets have presented transcription ELECTROLUX After the two years, the demand began to exceed supply, and Dimche Palenzo started looking for space to build a new plant, but at this point the company ELECTROLUX expressed its proposal to merge. Dimche Palenzo for this option is advantageous for two reasons: it is released from a competitor, and he did not have to build a new factory, as he received the Klimaluks. In 1990, the agreement was reached, and a year later, the company was renamed ELECTROLUX.
Since 2009 has already started with plans to build a new factory in the Free Zone in Macedonia apart for household and industrial and electric heaters and rubber products and spare parts
In 1994, upon the proposal of ELEKTROLUX Dimche Palenzo announced a new model of heater model C. It brought us even more popular. Model V had shaped portable equipped with avtomaska regulation with different dimensions. Heaters of this type were produced by other companies almost to the end of the XX century. For convenience, heaters. In 1990, after the creation of the heaters, ELEKTROLUX produces pure hot air temperatures of the economy and 70% of power for homes and industry.
The production of heaters and Rubber Products won target market of Macedonia and Kosovo
In 1994, Dimche Palenzo parallel with its position Chairman of the Board and went into politics and representation of their country in the world in culture and sport. In 1994, became president of Body Biding Federation of Macedonia
In 1996 the company launched its first refrigerator industry and restaurants. He still does not look like our modern cold storage, but it was very convenient in everyday life.
The conquest of Europe
In 1998 the company continues to grow. In England, France, USA and Australia opened offices. In the 90's. for war production fell, and some plants had to the military.
In 1999 the spelling of the name of the company acquires a modern look. Now this company ELECTROLUX, and later appears modern logo.
In 90-00 years, the company expanded further. Were received by the Macedonian factories dulling and develop his strategies and sales. In addition, the group joined metal recycling company manufacturing of metal products and cooperation. In 1999 ELECTROLUX gets selling products in large institutions embassies and consulates.
In 1997-2004 the company is a kind of restructuring. Now the focus is on a limited number of major brands, not many small and little known. Reduced staff, closed several warehouses and industries. The main focus of the company's household, professional and electric heaters and rubber products and metal products.
In 2000, ten products companies received awards in the competition red dot red dot Design Award. The competition evaluates the level of quality, ergonomics, functionality, compliance with environmental standards.
In Greece, the company appeared in 1988, in Serbia in 1994 by Greek companies collaborating since 1985 on opening branches in all countries in the Europe of Electrolux. Now the company is developing the distribution of its products in Alabanija Kosovo, Greece, Serbia. In World ELECTROLUX works in two directions. This division of household and professional equipment electric heaters and rubber products and spare parts
Branch distributed machines household washing, refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, microwave ovens and many other products electric heaters and rubber products and spare parts. Division of professional equipment distributes professional kitchen and laundry equipment, and equipment for cafes, hotels, restaurants, resorts and airports.
Today ELECTROLUX - one of the largest companies in the world. Its products are sold in more than 150 countries The basic rules of the company - two products differ in value only if it has a different set of features and quality that always equally good. Today collaborates with many other companies of the world in different areas .klientite can easily see and needs require products that are required by E-Excellence Center for Information Mozilla everyone uses and recommends products from the program of Electrolux
Dear customers and partners, with great honor and pleasure to offer you programs Electrolux:
- Original Products Electrolux top quality "New Era 2014" -
We try to satisfy the needs of global customers through services and products with high quality
We are what we do, always. Excellence is not an act but a habit” (Aristotele)
History of refrigerators
The prototype of the domestic refrigerator unit is considered to be a French engineer F. Carre, he proposed in 1860 and designed for water ice. In 1862 an exhibition in London of the World F. Carre shown based on a similar principle car better performance for the production of block ice. The car was a small stove with built container for liquid ammonia. Ammonia fumes due to heating, cooling walked into the boiler tube. Because evaporation cooling water around the boiler freezes, forming ice. In the car, Kara, however, failed to directly cool the room air or liquid, as in modern refrigerators. To solve this problem together experts from many countries. We keep looking for more efficient and compact power source. In particular, in Sweden, it was suggested in the car instead of the stove Carre use gas burner.
The impetus for the creation of modern domestic refrigeration equipment contributed to the development in 1874, Munich scientist K. Linde refrigeration machine. Exploring the various existing at the time of the cold production based on acceptance and future use of artificial ice, came to the conclusion that their efficiency is very low and that direct cooling of indoor air or fluid will be more effective and profitable. To convince brewers, Linda K received funding to develop cooling machine. First he created a refrigerator that runs on methyl ester was tested in Munich brewery. Made in 1874, a second car that runs on ammonia, until 1908 worked in the brewery in Trieste. These machines, and these models had an excellent performance, reliability, and technical level of all previous ice cube makers.
In 1908 in Paris at the International Congress of cold, had taken on the case favors the development of refrigeration equipment for home and melkopromyshlennyh needs:
"Taking into account the benefits and advantages it can bring agriculture, trade and industry of all countries in the development of cooling, Congress asked the state authorities of all countries to facilitate the cooling device in home appliances, agriculture and small industrial sector, especially to limit regulation to a minimum and formalities relating to the use of cooling machines. "
The first household refrigerator compression appeared in 1910 in the US, and a year later the American company «General Electric» began production of cooling machine "Odifren" for household refrigerators and commercial cabinets, named after its creator - French physics professor Marcel Odifrena . Odifrena machine whose design was developed in 1894 (German patent No. 82 314 1895), became the first automatic refrigeration machine. Advantages of this machine: the high heat transfer rate, absence of seals and valves, easy maintenance and repair of refrigerators (1-2 times a year and change belts 2 times a year, two bearings lubricated).
Each year the number of machines grew, and in 1923 there were almost 20,000 domestic refrigerators. These refrigerators were shaped breast with dark wood paneling, cost $ 900 or more, and have been a luxury. Chillers "Odifren" issued before 1928
The first household refrigerator with automatic temperature control chamber, designed by Copeland, was produced in the US in 1918 and in 1925 were released about 64,000 as a tool used sulfur dioxide or ammonia. The compressor is driven by a belt drive from the engine. The cooling unit is installed at the top. Wooden cabinet with cork insulation had a wall thickness of 140 mm.
In 1926 the company «General Electric» was founded sealed refrigerator, later named "Monitor Top". In the late 20s he began producing refrigerators in the form of an all-metal enclosure.
Because active organization in the US production of domestic refrigerators as coolants by the end of 20s of XX century. widely used sulfur dioxide and ammonia. After graduating in 1930 the company "Kinetic Kenikalz Inc." (USA), the first series of dichlorodifluoromethane, belonging to the group of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and the organization of industrial production in 1932, many refrigerants except ammonia almost completely disappeared from the market. The company also introduced a trade name Freon-12. Marking of cooling with the letter P, and the name of Freon became generally accepted. The first refrigerators worked cooling R12 (company «General Electric») appeared in the 30s.
In 1936, the US power plants for the production of compression refrigerators R12 were 2 million units and German -. 40000 pcs. one year.
Starting from the 30s, the US is the rapid development of the production of household refrigerators:
In 1930 the company "Fridzhirer" (USA) started production of a new type of refrigerator - double chamber which are not, however, although widely used.
In 1931 the company «Serval» (USA) is a pioneer in sealed cars regulator capillary tube is allowed to abandon the more complex the float valve and the receiver, and helped to improve their security.
At the same time the organization of manufacturing refrigerators floor, wall, built from the bottom and side mounted freezer. Rule the production of rotary compressor (company KEIVINATOR) and 2-evaporative cooling systems for vertical freezer, later received universal acceptance in the world.
Market demand cooling unit is moved from the top under the bottom of the government, despite the complexity of the design and production more expensive.
In 1957, the US market for the first time there were refrigerators with forced air circulation - a system of «No Frost» neobmerzayuschimi walls. In 1959 it established commercial production. At present, they are most common in the US and about 70% of the production of all types of refrigerators.
After 60 years in the US are developing new construction and insulating materials (ABS plastic and polyurethane foam - polyurethane foam), magnetic door seals, high engine speed compressors, which made it possible to increase the capacity of refrigerators and decreasing temperature at low temperature chamber at the same time reducing production costs and prices. Introduction of new production technology, allowing to produce several models by merging units and up to 80%, with total program output of more than 0.5 million units. year, including production lines for filling cabinets foam - thermal insulation. The first multi-purpose multi-chamber refrigerator with ice maker and distribution of cold water and ice through the door to the US in 1973
In Europe, production of compression refrigerators developed less active than in the US and marked the beginning of 1912 production. Manufacturer AEG (Germany) has defeated two-door fridge capacity of 160 liters with dimensions 1600x750x1900 mm. The outer wall face with white tiles in the refrigerator compartment mounted grilles galvanized shelves. The original price was 1750 DM.
-in 1955 Bitola opened a new plant for cooling Tech George Naumov Kopreracija with the East German brand AEG the first Refrigerators L 120 liters which began with the production of household Frizideri for Yugoslavia as a whole. Programme prepared whole and spare parts for refrigerators and compressors for small and large Chilled Refrigerators .With sospstevni Interoute foundry, cevara, Grande Comore, Comoros Mali etc.
In 1975 together with Koncar from Zagreb and performing together with one name Koncar as as a subsidiary of Koncar and running cooling plants in the world in Russia, Asia, Africa
In 1980. Dispense with Koncar Zagreb and builds sopsteven image BRAND Frinko still exists as sopsteven name and brand Frinko and works for Own needs and fracture system for all major manufacturers of household refrigerators and Industry Electrolux, Zanussi, Koncar and is a major driver and manufacturer frizideri of household and industrial products in Yugoslavia and the world. To date exists as a factory for the production of cooling technique and household refrigerators and Industry
1928 - the Leipzig Fair 8 companies submitted compression refrigerators with a capacity of 140-500 liters.
In 1927 in Germany were the first absorption refrigerators with water cooling. When you use the best insulation for time spent power was 1750 W refrigerator, power consumption - 5 kVt-ch / sutki, the price of 6750 DM. In comparison with modern analogs, these same figures were: 100 W, less than 1 kVt-ch / sutki, 400 DM, respectively. Serial production of absorption chillers launched in Germany in 1933
Production of refrigerators with forced air company "Bosch" (Germany) started in 1973
The first refrigerator, made in Japan appeared in 1926 and regular production started with 1933
The largest number of domestic refrigerators produced in the United States. Thus in 1933 in the park of refrigerators in the US is 5825000, UK -. 100000, Germany -. 30000, Sweden -. 17000, Norway -. 1.0 thousand. In Russia, unit produced and imported samples of cabinets glaciers.
In Japan, the refrigerator walls neobmerzayuschimi "No ice" appeared in 1967 (Toshiba), mass production has been established since 1977 and in Europe - from the 80s.
In Japan, in 1978, speaks disposable boxes flooded evaporator and condenser, which dramatically reduce the weight and increase the utilization of useful volume in 1983 - high performance compact rotary motor compressors with material consumption three times lower than that of the crank -povrzuvanje rod (reducing overall permitted to increase the size of refrigerators capacity of 9 liters and reduce electricity consumption by 40-60%), flexible technology introduced with rapid change and the transition from model to model for dozens of minutes 1991 -. there were refrigerators with the possibility of opening a door in any direction without perenaveski.
In 80 years of mastering refrigerators with zapenennymi evaporators in Italy and Germany, multichamber fridges in Sweden (including the use of plastic for external cabinets) and Japan (6 doors), embedded electronic control high volume production. In Germany, begin to use waste heat to heat the condenser water for household purposes, and in Europe in the 90s appearing texture steel rolling, are models of domestic refrigerators with adjustable shelves, cantilevered into the chamber, the possibility perenaveski doors.
In 1992 he created gas coolers desert regions (Sweden). Development of electronic diagnostic system to inform about temperatures in refrigerators and freezers, damage to power, the door is closed, the need to clean the condenser (Whirlpool, USA), and control the temperature in the refrigerator and freezer, voltage, system defrosting removal of melt water, ice machine operation (GE, USA), electronic systems include speech synthesizer, voice warns the owner for violation of working conditions and inadequate use of refrigerator (AEG, Germany).
The company "Bryson E lotz Marina" (Nantes, France) produced a prototype refrigerator run on solar energy: an evaporator installed in a bowl of water placed in the casing in the isothermal chamber, the coolant - methanol absorber - activated carbon. Activated charcoal in the night cold and cold "pumps" of methanol, which then evaporates and thus freezes the water in the container. During the day, the ice melts, the carbon is heated and there is a "distillation" of methanol, which vapor condenses in the tank. Approximate cost of the fridge capacity of 200 ... 300 liters - 20,000 French francs. Expected demand for 2 .. 0.3 million units. one year. Additional costs of production lines - one million French francs.
By the early 80s refrigerants of CFC and HCFC are dominant position in the refrigeration industry (residential, commercial and industrial refrigeration equipment). They were seen as chemicals that are only advantages compared with other refrigerants.
But since the 80s, when scientists in several countries began to consider studying the effect of CFCs and HCFCs in the environment, these refrigerants have become concerns about global problems: increasing the greenhouse effect and possible destruction of the ozone layer .
By the mid 70's production of CFCs reached significant quantities. Specifically, since 1976 the amount of R12 reached almost 340,000 tons, of which about 27 tons intended for cooling systems. In 1986, total production was 1.123 million tons of CFCs (US accounts for 30%, Europe - 20%, Russia and Japan with 10%).
The problem of regulating the production and consumption of CFCs ozonoobrazuyuschih at international level has been raised to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer in 1985, further important step in solving this problem has been signed by all developed countries to the Montreal Protocol in 1987
To replace the R12 the world's major producers of chemical products since the early 90's, were designed and manufactured a component of ozone-safe means R134a and alternative services () blends (R401A, etc.). To replace the R502 and R22 are designed services blends containing HCFCs (R402, etc.) and ozone-friendly HFC (R407C, etc.). However, none of the known or newly synthesized individual cooling ever fully set of features that are inherent hazardous freon.
It should be noted that the development of alternative refrigerants number of countries invested considerable financial resources and some experts estimates for the last six years is over $ 2400000000 be spent only on the toxicity of R134a according to the International Institute of Refrigeration is around 4.5 million. dollars with a duration of 7 years of research.
Given the direction of production of domestic refrigerators in Europe, Russia, the US, Japan, South Korea, Asia should note the following distinctive trends:
- Improvement of facilities for use and storage conditions of products, reduce the complexity of the service. This significantly increased the number of refrigerators with cameras or offices of "dry" and "wet freshness» (biofresh), allowing to extend the shelf life of fresh food, not frozen (-2 ° C. .. 2 ° C) . it is also planned to increase the capacity trend zone "freshness" or universal camera with adjustable over a wide range of temperature modes of storage products. These models are aimed at consumers who want fresh food frozen. the imposition of devices control the cameras on the outside of the control panel and the introduction of color display modes.
- More widespread adoption of transparent materials for containers, shelves, panels, doors and easily removable accessories.
- The design of the outside of preserving soft rounded corners of the door (swing - Design). The interior retains the traditional European models, forms, and updates is through the introduction of new material. For the production of transparent shelves are mainly used heavy unbreakable tempered glass, and Korea analogues used light polymer materials.
- Installation of deodorizer to eliminate odors, click the included independent external control panel.
- Equipped with freezer ice packs in the form of cubes, cubes to maintain low temperatures in the refrigerator when not working on the compressor, the stabilization of the temperature when it is cycling, as well as freezing of fruits and cooling drinks. Computerization of control, light indication for cooling and temperature independent regulation in cells.
- Light indication the door is closed and malfunctions appliance with redundant audio alarm.
- The vertical placement of the Association of refrigerators. The majority of European, Russian, Japanese and Korean models have vertical arrangement of chambers. European models of freezers to 50 DM ³, usually located at the top, and 80 DM ³ - the bottom with compressor. Coolers 50 ... 80 DM ³ either the upper or lower position. The participation of freezer totaling fridge is 7-35%.
- Installation of a refrigerator cooling system dvuhisparitelnoy samoottaivayuschim evaporator cooling chamber and manual defrost evaporator "Birjusa", "Atlant», «Stinol», etc.
- Issuance refrigerator cooling system «No Frost» samoottaivayuschim with evaporator cooling chamber and forced convection in freezer with automatic defrost its evaporator, and the issue of the refrigerators with forced air circulation in one or both chambers (Safe Frost).
- Pooling of domestic refrigerators with architectural and construction of housing shell. - Apply heat to electroconvective evaporators, condensers and compressors.
- Creating a refrigerator with antibacterial food handling and cooling medium in the refrigerator.
- Use natural cold in the refrigerator.
- Simplify repair refrigerators.
History of refrigerators in Russia
In Russia, cooling and storage of products long used the glaciers in the public and private sectors.
At the beginning of XX century.